Cannabidiol (CBD) is steadily becoming a household name after its legalization in 2018 by the US and EU countries. CBD products include oils, capsules, tinctures, and edibles. Herein are the differences between CBD oil and CBD capsules,
CBD is a phytocannabinoid found in hemp and marijuana, both of which have psychotropic properties. Baron et al. (2018) showed that CBD might treat mental ailments like PTSD and skin issues, including fungal infections, persistent acne, and psoriasis. According to the study, CBD also shows therapeutic characteristics like lowering chronic pain and inflammation. CBD is derived from the hemp plant's leaves, flowers, stems, and roots and comes in three forms: full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolates. CBD products, such as CBD oil, tinctures, vapes, vape juices, topical creams, edibles, and capsules, are derived from these three major categories. These forms impact how a substance is administered, affecting the absorption and user efficacy. So, what is the difference between CBD capsules and CBD oil?
CBD oil is made by extracting oil from hemp’s leaves, flowers, and stems through various extraction methods. These methods include supercritical carbon dioxide concentration, ethanol extraction, and propanol or butane extraction. It is liquidated to extract CBD oil from liquid CO2 by increasing the temperature and pressure with a compressor. The temperature must also be raised using a heater. The supercritical carbon dioxide is then passed through some high-quality cannabis. The solution is passed through a separator and broken down into constituent parts. Meanwhile, the supercritical CO2 is converted back into a liquid by passing it through a condenser. Finally, the liquid is transferred to a special storage tank and can be reused.
Majimbi et al. (2021) noted that capsules combine CBD in an easy-to-swallow pill, similar to a vitamin pill. The capsule is made of gelatin, but vegetarian options are available. Some brands produce vegan-friendly CBD pills. Other oil-based capsules contain phytocannabinoid hemp extract (which contains CBD), while others use CBD isolate, with some brands including ingredients that complement and amplify CBD's effects. Most CBD capsules contain at least 15mg of CBD derived from broad-spectrum hemp extract and enhanced with curcumin oil, clove bud oil, and a Bio-Terpene complex. This blend is intended to aid in the absorption, bioavailability, and optimization of CBD's full body and mind benefits.
CBD oil comes in two different types that differ in composition, concentration, and extraction method. These forms include broad-spectrum CBD and full-spectrum CBD oil. Broad-spectrum CBD is made by extracting CBD from hemp leaving behind oil that contains various components such as terpenes, flavonoids, and other cannabinoids. Broad-spectrum CBD oil contains all other cannabinoids such as CBG, CBN, and CBDV and no amount of THC. Broad-spectrum CBD is specifically made for individuals who want to enjoy the full benefits of CBD without worrying about THC.
Maayah et al. (2020) suggested that full-spectrum CBD contains all CBD oil extracts from the hemp plant. These include THC, whose concentration is regulated to 0.3%. Broad-spectrum is receiving positive remarks from researchers as it is known to have the ‘entourage effect, which is known to increase the bioavailability of the oil.
CBD capsules are more commonly made from CBD isolates. CBD isolate is a pure form of CBD, with no other components such as terpenes and flavonoids. These capsules are made with starch, CBD isolate, flavor, and other components that help the capsule take its form and shape. These capsules are often taken as other body supplements such as vitamin pills. Other CBD tablets are made using CBD oil. These capsules may be made using either full-spectrum CBD oil or broad-spectrum CBD oil. The oil is often processed into a pill made from gelatin or other vegan-based materials.
The length of time it takes for CBD capsules to take effect is influenced by metabolism, weight, and whether or not one has recently eaten. It takes an hour or two before users feel the effects of the recommended amount of CBD. The capsule passes through the digestive system before entering the bloodstream and circulating throughout the body. In contrast to traditional oil capsules and ingested oils, extracts in some CBD capsules are microencapsulated in a hydrophobic layer designed to increase the rate of absorption. Even so, the effects of CBD are frequently subtle. Depending on what you're using CBD for, you might not notice any difference immediately.
According to Kamal & Lantela (2018), CBD oil has different rates of absorption depending on the form of CBD oil ingested. CBD vapes and vape juices are made from CBD oil and are used in vaping chambers that one smokes, thus administering CBD through the lungs. This is the quickest means of administering CBD because it takes between three minutes to five minutes to take effect. CBD tincture and sprays are often administered sublingually and absorbed by the tongue's blood vessels. This is the second-fastest method of administration. It takes roughly five to ten minutes to take effect. Other methods include edibles, which take roughly four hours before they take effect but last at least eleven hours.
CBD oil is a great way to take CBD and can be administered in different ways, such as topical administration, edibles, and tinctures. CBD capsules or tablets are pills or tablets made using CBD extracts. CBD capsules are often made using CBD isolate or other CBD extracts. CBD capsules contain varying concentrations of CBD, ranging from 5mg up to 50mg. Contrastingly, CBD oil has varying concentrations depending on the product. However, one should seek advice from a professional on using CBD capsules or CBD oil.
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Kamal, B. S., Kamal, F., & Lantela, D. E. (2018). Cannabis And The Anxiety Of Fragmentation—A Systems Approach For Finding An Anxiolytic Cannabis Chemotype. Frontiers In Neuroscience, 730.
Majimbi, M., Brook, E., Galettis, P., Eden, E., Al-Salami, H., Mooranian, A., ... & Takechi, R. (2021). Sodium Alginate Microencapsulation Improves The Short-Term Oral Bioavailability Of Cannabidiol When Administered With Deoxycholic Acid. Plos One, 16(6), E0243858.
Maayah, Z. H., Takahara, S., Ferdaoussi, M., & Dyck, J. R. (2020). The Molecular Mechanisms That Underpin The Biological Benefits Of Full-Spectrum Cannabis Extract In The Treatment Of Neuropathic Pain And Inflammation. Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-Molecular Basis Of Disease, 1866(7), 165771.