CBD oil: side effects, safety, and risks

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Are they looking for CBD oil products effective to benefit an individual? Are individuals able to balance CBCD oil consumption and their work? Looking for the best CBD oil product with defective safety risks incurred by an individual. This article explains the side effects, risks, and benefits that one can access from CBD oil.

After several clinical trials on the drug and its benefits, The US Food and Drug Administration has identified some of its side effects, safety, and risks. The side effects of CBD Oil include drowsiness and sedation, change in alertness, irritability, It affects other drugs in a person's system, and possible CBD Oil was recently made legal in 2018 by the FDA. Like any other drug with benefits, CBD Oil also has side effects, safety, and risks.


What Is A Side Effect?

A side effect is an unwanted symptom caused by medical treatment. It can be adverse or therapeutic and is usually secondary to the intended effects.


How are the Side effects of CBD Oil determined?

The list of side effects of CBD Oil products is determined during clinical trials. Clinical trials are research studies performed on people to evaluate a medical, behavioral, or surgical intervention. Through clinical trials, researchers and medical practitioners can determine if a new drug like CBD Oil is safe and effective in people.


Phase One

The main purpose of this phase is to ensure that the treatment is safe in humans and determine where and how it distributes in the human body. The testing of CBD Oil at this phase normally takes place with a small group of volunteers. The trials monitor for any toxic, undesirable, or unwanted effect that causes death or danger to health. At the end of this phase, the results are usually collected and submitted to the FDA for permission to proceed to phase two clinical trials.


Phase Two

According to Gamble et al. (2018), a phase two clinical trial is to determine the right dosage and effectiveness of CBD Oil in treating a particular disease. Phase two normally occurs with many volunteers with a particular medical condition, i.e., anxiety and sleeping disorders. It normally involves assigning participants to different control groups where each group can receive different doses of CBD Oil or delivery of treatment. If the results of this stage show that the treatment did not work better than the current standards of care or caused the acceleration of the disease, the FDA may not permit to proceed to phase three.


Phase Three

This phase normally involves many volunteers and primarily focuses on determining whether the CBD Oil would be safe and effective for various people. The FDA usually permits to proceed with a New Drug Application (NDA) at this stage.


The Side Effects and Risks of CBD Oil

After various clinical trials, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved only one product of CBD Oil, Epidiolex, used in the treatment of epilepsy. The same clinical trials performed on volunteers, and other specimens revealed some side effects of CBD Oil. These are:


Increase in the Risk of Drowsiness and Sedation

Explains that taking highly concentrated CBD oil results in sedation and drowsiness. Although there is no recommended dose for CBD, users should be cautious. The novices should consider a considerable dose of 10 mg per serving.


Irritability

CBD Oil may cause changes in the mood of its users. It alters the Serotonin levels in a person’s system, making them sometimes experience agitation.


It Affects Other Drugs in A Person's System

According to Brown & Winterstein (2019), when CBD Oil is taken with other drugs, it can affect the functioning of other drugs useful to the body. For instance, it could increase or decrease the effects of other medications. It may lead to increased chances of adverse effects and decreased chances of the effectiveness of other drugs.


Is CBD Oil Safe?

After the Cannabidiol was legalized by the USA Farm Bill of 2018, its products hit the market with shock. Itwas solely owed to the fact that Cannabis and its products have suffered a long illegal history. Although some of the health benefits of CBD oil have been clinically proven, i.e., treatment of epilepsy, others are still theories. The Federal Trade Commission also warned some companies against advertising that some CBD products could treat medical conditions minus evidence. Experts also point out that most of the available data about CBD Oil is about its early stage, and very little is known about its potential medicinal effects or hazards.

Considering these factors, it would be prudent for any individual considering CBD Oil to proceed with caution and consult doctors to ensure their safety.


Conclusion

CBD Oil (Epidiolex) has been approved by The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to help in treating children with epilepsy. Despite this great medical benefit, it also brings some side effects such as irritability, affecting the performance of other drugs in an individual's system, drowsiness, and sedation. It is a newly legalized drug, and medics and scientists are still doing more research about it every day. Therefore, one should consult a doctor before using CBD Oil and its products.


References

Brown, J. D., & Winterstein, A. G. (2019). Potential adverse drug events and drug-drug interactions with medical and consumer Cannabidiol (CBD) use are also seen. Journal of clinical medicine, 8(7), 989.

Brown, J. D., & Winterstein, A. G. (2019). Potential adverse drug events and drug-drug interactions with medical and consumer Cannabidiol (CBD) use are also seen. Journal of clinical medicine, 8(7), 989.

Gamble, L. J., Boesch, J. M., Frye, C. W., Schwark, W. S., Mann, S., Wolfe, L., ... & Wakshlag, J. J. (2018). Pharmacokinetics, safety, and clinical efficacy of cannabidiol treatment in osteoarthritic dogs. Frontiers in veterinary science, 165.

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