People who experienced cannabidiol (CBD) products in the past have encountered broad-spectrum and full-spectrum CBD. They are cannabidiol forms loaded with numerous cannabis compounds. Full-spectrum contains all cannabis compounds, including tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), while broad-spectrum has all full spectrum components except THC. Do you require more differences? Then, read through this article.
People who experienced cannabidiol (CBD) products have encountered broad-spectrum and full-spectrum CBD. They describe the different cannabinoid contents of THC presence in cannabidiol products. Cannabidiol (CBD) is active cannabis and hemp cannabinoid compound. It comes in different forms, including full and broad-spectrum CBD. The terms give consumers general knowledge of what they expect from CBD products regarding therapeutic benefits. However, some individuals are having their first experience with these CBD forms. For this reason, they cannot differentiate between the full and broad CBD spectrum. This article outlines their differences to enable beginners to have a full CBD experience.
According to Lachenmeier, et al. (2019), full-spectrum cannabidiol oil differs from other CBD formulations. This is because it contains CBD and entire cannabis compounds such as fatty acids, THC, flavonoids, terpenes, cannabinol (CBN), and cannabigerol (CBG). Full-spectrum cannabidiol is called whole or full-plant extract. Although full spectrum cannabidiol contains THC, the amount is insufficient to cause psychoactive and euphoric effects. However, it might be detected in drug screening tests. Its importance is that a significant number of various chemical cannabinoids and compounds in the whole extract contain therapeutic properties. For instance, the cannabis plant terpenes have anti-inflammatory characteristics. Other full-plant extract cannabinoids contain the entire benefits of consuming cannabidiol. Experts have concluded that a cannabidiol oil containing whole plant extract has more therapeutic properties than CBD solely. Since the oil contains all cannabinoids and various chemical substances, the consumer experiences positive impacts. These effects result from the entourage effect, a combined functioning of different compounds to yield health benefits.
Research by Linares, et al. (2018)., showed that broad-spectrum cannabidiol oil is an intermediary between full-spectrum and CBD isolate oils. It contains fatty acids, CBD, flavonoids, terpenes, cannabinol (CBN), and cannabigerol (CBG) but eliminates tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Interestingly, it packs all essential chemical substances except THC. Thus, the consumer probably gets some essential entourage effects. This CBD formulation is hardly found compared to other cannabidiol oil types. Like its colleagues, broad-spectrum cannabidiol oil passes via a standard extraction process. Some regions have prohibited THC but using this CBD form is applicable because THC is removed during processing. Thus, broad-spectrum cannabidiol oil is not detected in THC drug screening tests. Also, it does not cause psychoactive and euphoric effects since THC, the molecule responsible for these effects is eliminated.
The endocannabinoid system maintains an interior balance between a broad biological function range such as cognitive function, emotional processing, sleep regulation, pain signaling, appetite and mood regulation, and body balance (homeostasis). Crocq (2022) explained that THC, CBD, and cannabinoids have different therapeutic benefits, particularly in the brain and body. Modern research showed that every endocannabinoid relates to the endocannabinoid system uniquely. For instance, tetrahydrocannabinol causes high cannabis effects, sedation, appetite fluctuation, euphoria, and enhances deep sleep. However, cannabidiol does not contain intoxicating characteristics. Cannabidiol counters THC's psychoactive effects by impeding the CB1 receptors where THC attempts to attach. This is because CBD relates to ECS differently. Notably, cannabidiol does not interact with any cannabinoid receptors directly. Rather, it communicates with the endocannabinoid system to execute particular CB1 and CB2 receptors activities. Pertwee (1997) gave a distinction between the two. Therefore, it generates positive impacts on your brain and body. Individuals who consume products such as cannabidiol oil daily claim improved stress management, better restful sleep, less discomfort, more productivity, and energy during the day. Most people consider cannabidiol a life-changer due to its numerous therapeutic benefits. In addition, CBD might show unique effects at various dosages. Fewer amounts have slight stimulation, while more CBD levels in your body might result in a sedation feeling. Also, other cannabinoids like cannabinol (CBN) or cannabigerol (CBG) are important. Specifically, cannabigerol speeds other cannabinoids production in cannabis herbs and might increase their therapeutic benefits. However, CBN produces a tranquilizing impact on your body. When these elements are combined, you achieve a cannabinoid spectrum.
Choosing a versatile cannabidiol oil spectrum requires research on various cannabinoid contents effects. At least full and broad spectrum differences are established. Full-spectrum cannabidiol oil contains all cannabis cannabinoids such as fatty acids, THC, flavonoids, terpenes, cannabinol (CBN), and cannabigerol (CBG). However, the broad-spectrum has all these compounds except THC contents. THC substances are isolated during the extraction process, whereas the whole plant components are extracted for the full spectrum. Both generate an entourage effect, although the full spectrum has more benefits than its counterpart. In addition, broad-spectrum products are for people who dislike THC and are unwilling to take CBD isolate. The discussed differences help the consumer choose their best product.
Crocq, M. A. (2022). History Of Cannabis And The Endocannabinoid System. Dialogues In Clinical Neuroscience.
Lachenmeier, D. W., Habel, S., Fischer, B., Herbi, F., Zerbe, Y., Bock, V., ... & Sproll, C. (2019). Are Adverse Effects Of Cannabidiol (CBD) Products Caused By Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) Contamination?.
F1000Research, 8. Linares, I. M., Guimaraes, F. S., Eckeli, A., Crippa, A., Zuardi, A. W., Souza, J. D., ... & Crippa, J. A. (2018). No Acute Effects Of Cannabidiol On The Sleep-Wake Cycle Of Healthy Subjects: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Study. Frontiers In Pharmacology, 9, 315.
Pertwee, R. G. (1997). Pharmacology Of Cannabinoid CB1 And CB2 Receptors. Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 74(2), 129-180.