How to make CBD oil

CBD oil is made in the industry by extracting the cannabinoid from the hemp surfaces using carbon (iv) oxide, steam, liquid solvents, oil infusion, or ethanol. Still, you can prepare CBD oil at home using oil infusion.

CBD oil has become part of the mainstream products, and it's no wonder that it is easily found in stores and supermarkets. It is used as a supplement, and it forms a great additive to tinctures, oils, gummies, topicals, cosmetic products, and other edible gummies. Earlier, it was only for medicinal value, but many people have embraced it today, and its application goes beyond that. Peer into this article to know how CBD oil is made in the industries and at home. Before then, let's see what CBD oil is.


What Is CBD Oil?

CBD oil is a cannabinoid or one of the many active compounds in cannabis plants. It is outstanding for its non-psychoactive properties. Unlike THC, it will not make you high. You can enjoy CBD by inhaling its vapes, topically applying its balms, patches, serums, creams, lotions, etc., swallowing its capsules, ingesting its gummies and mints, or sublingually administering the oils and tinctures infused with CBD. Any product you choose should be available in one or more of the following CBD types;


Full-spectrum CBD Oil

This oil features THC, CBD, additional cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids and is linked to a full entourage effect.


Broad-spectrum CBD Oil

This formulation has as many compounds as full-spectrum CBD oil but lacks the psychoactive THC. Still, because of the terpenes, flavonoids, and many cannabinoids, it is also liked to have a full entourage effect.


Isolate-based CBD Oil

This oil has pure CBD without any other cannabis compounds.


Making CBD in the Industrial Context

Manufacturing CBD oil is all about extracting it from the hemp surfaces using the appropriate extraction method and subjecting the extracts to secondary purification before 3rd party tests and packaging. There are many CBD extraction methods, with the following being the commonest;


CO2 Extraction

This is the gold extraction method in the CBD arena because it does not attach solvent unnecessarily to the extracts. It is effective, efficient, and fairly safe but attracts large machinery and human power investments.


Ethanol Extraction

This method uses food-grade ethanol to strip CBD oil from the hemp surfaces and is preferred for efficiency, safety, and time effectiveness. However, it requires additional investment in purification to ensure the final products do not have volatile solvents.


Oil Infusion

Some CBD manufacturers use oil to separate CBD oil from the hemp surface. While the method is safe and effective, it requires more oil than the final product you will reap.


Liquid Solvents Extraction

Other than the three first methods, you can extract CBD oil using liquid solvents such as isopropyl alcohol, butane, and hexane. The only challenge with the liquid solvent extraction method is that they may not remove all the impurities and leave the extracts tasting bitter because of chlorophyll and greenish.


Making CBD Oil at Home

Making CBD oil at home is more or less like the industrial process, only that the only extraction method used is oil infusion. You can use any oil, although olive and coconut oils are commonly used for the good taste that blends well with CBD. Here are the equipment or tools, and ingredients you need to prepare CBD oil at home;


  • 14 g of industrial hemp flower
  • A grinder
  • A baking sheet
  • Aluminum foil
  • 1 cup (250 ml) of olive or coconut oil
  • An oven and a stove
  • A meat thermometer
  • An oven thermometer (if your oven does not have an internal thermometer)
  • A paper towel or coffee filter
  • A pot or saucepan

NB; you can use a different amount of oil and hemp flower depending on the potency you desire your CBD to have. The 14 g hemp flower above is 20.0% CBD, meaning that a gram of the hemp flower produces 200 mg CBD.

- 14 g hemp flower will yield 14*1*200= 2800 mg CBD
- The potency of the oil will be 2800 mg/250 ml coconut oil= 11.2 mg/ml
- You can increase or decrease the potency by varying the oil amounts. Alternatively, you can opt for low- or high-strength hemp flowers to vary the potencies.


With every tool and ingredient ready, follow the step below to prepare CBD oil;

  1. Prepare your oven by preheating it to 200 degrees Fahrenheit, and you can use the over thermometer to monitor the temperatures.
  2. Grind the hemp or cannabis flowers consistently but be careful not to over-grind them. Too small particles will burn before the oil is ready.
  3. Prepare the ground cannabis flowers carefully by laying aluminum foil on the baking sheet, evenly spreading the ground cannabis on the aluminum foil, and covering it with another oil.
  4. Decarboxylate the ground hemp by heating it in the oven for 30 minutes and allowing it to cool for 45 minutes. If you follow the procedure well, everything should be ok, and the cannabis should be toasted brown at the end of the cooling.
  5. Turn on the saucepan or pot to low heat and add the coconut or olive oil but do not allow it to simmer or sizzle. Add the cannabis, and the mixture's temperature should be around 150 degrees Fahrenheit, which you confirm using the meat thermometer.
  6. Cook the mixture for 30 minutes to 3 hours, and the more you cook it, the more CBD you infuse into the oil.
  7. Strain the mixture over a paper towel (or two or three paper towels for better results) or coffee filter and a cup, and discard the residue. You have your CBD oil ready for consumption at this point.

Conclusion

CBD oil is made in the factory using an appropriate extraction method to strip CBD oil from the hemp surfaces. Still, you can make DIY CBD oil at home through oil infusion using olive or coconut oil.

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