Terpenes in CBD oil

Terpenes are health-promoting compounds in cannabis plants and are also found in full-range CBD oils. Although research is ongoing to determine their roles, preliminary studies link them to a full entourage effect and the potential to relieve anxiety and stress.

The hype around CBD oil is on another level, and the compound is believed to help with almost every health condition. Terms like cannabis, sativa, indica, THC, CBD, and isolates have become commonplace. Still, other terms are less used, including terpenes. What are terpenes, and what are their roles in CBD oil? Do terpenes make you 'high'? These are some questions you might want to answer or encounter as you join the CBD bandwagon. Peer into this article to answer these questions and more.


The Basics of CBD Oil

CBD oil has become part of the mainstream, and the term is used everywhere, in coffee shops, backyards, TV adverts, and billboards in major towns. Nonetheless, not everyone understands it. CBD oil is a chemical substance and one of the active compounds called cannabinoids in cannabis plants. It comes as tinctures, oils, vapes, capsules, topicals, and edibles. You can have the products in three formulations; isolate-based, full- and broad-spectrum CBD types, depending on the content of the cannabinoids and additional compounds.


What Are Terpenes?

Terpenes are naturally occurring compounds in animals and plants. In plants like cannabis, terpenes give them the colors, flavors, smell, and aromas they have. CBD oil's earthy or nutty flavor in full- and broad-spectrum formulations comes from terpenes. If you have tried CBD oil and felt it taste grassy or earthy, know that the flavor comes from terpenes. Terpenes in vegetation have additional benefits, including protecting the plant from harsh weather and predators.


Terpenes in Hemp Plants

Like other cannabis strains, hemp plants have terpenes. Limonene, humulene, linalool, and myrcene are some of the terpenes in hemp plants. As the plant grows, the terpenes assume the role of protecting them from harsh weather and predators, ensuring the plants make it to maturity. Besides, hemp plants from which many CBD brands extract CBD oil have a characteristic earthy and nutty flavor like other cannabis strains. The very terpenes are responsible for this aroma.


Terpenes for a Full Entourage Effect

Full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD oils have a wide range of cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. Contrarily, isolates only have pure CBD and no terpenes and flavonoids. The full entourage effects in full- and broad-spectrum CBD oils are a product of many compounds, terpenes being one of them. It is generally believed that CBD oil with terpenes and other compounds has more augmented effects than CBD alone, although further research is needed to prove this.


How Are Terpenes Used in the Modern Industry?

Other than protecting plants from predators and harsh weather to ensure they reach maturity and giving them colors, aromas, flavor, and taste, terpenes have additional roles in modern industry. For instance, most additives in flavors, colors, and preservatives are made from terpenes. Besides, most cleaning solutions use terpenes, especially limonene, for their great natural smell. Moreover, most artificial solvents have terpenes as a key or minor ingredient, primarily to add smell. Most dyes in the industry used in fabrics, shoes, and coloring human hair are all products of terpenes.


Do Terpenes in CBD Oil make You High?

According to Booth & Bohlmann(2019), terpenes do not make a person high. They seem to play a role in the full entourage effect of CBD products. Terpenes may have a hand in the psychoactive properties of THC.


Benefits of Terpenes in CBD Oil

Other than giving CBD oil taste and flavor, people wonder whether terpenes have additional roles in the cannabinoid. Yes, CBD oil may have other health benefits linked to terpenes. For instance, Sternerson & Halpenny (2017) commented on terpenes in cannabis, stating that they may have many health benefits. As such, CBD oil's pain-reducing, anxiolytic, and antipsychotic properties might have a thing to do with terpenes. However, the existing research is preliminary, and more studies are needed to confirm the roles of terpenes in CBD oil.


Conclusion

Terpenes are naturally occurring compounds in plants that also exist in some animals. In vegetation like cannabis plants, terpenes are responsible for the aromas, flavors, and tastes, although they also help protect the plants from harsh weather and predators. Terpenes in CBD oil have more roles, including contributing to the cannabinoid's full entourage effect. Besides, studies link the terpenes to therapeutic benefits, but more studies are needed to uphold these claims. Although terpenes might augment the 'high' effect in THC, they do not make one 'high' on their own. Most studies on cannabis products, including terpenes and CBD, are infancy.


References

Stenerson, K., & Halpenny, M. R. (2017). Analysis Of Terpenes In Cannabis Using Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction And GC–MS.

Booth, J. K., & Bohlmann, J. (2019). Terpenes in Cannabis sativa–From plant genome to humans. Plant Science, 284, 67-72.

{}